Mine, explosive remnants of war and improvised explosive device risk education for internally displaced persons
Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan
The Sinjar district in Nineveh Province was severely impacted by the occupation of Daech, starting in August 2014, and the subsequent war of liberation until October 2017. This is due to the ethnic composition of the district, which is home to the largest Yezidi community in the world. The majority of Sinjar’s residents, in their diversity, fled the fighting in the direction of Iraqi Kurdistan. Today, around 140,000 inhabitants of the district still live in replacement in the only district of Dohuk. The year 2020 has seen a significant increase of return and an agreement on the governance of Sinjar signed between the Kurdish authorities and the central Iraqi authority, giving hope for a growing return of these populations. Nevertheless, the Sinjar district suffers from high explosive contamination as a result of three years of recent warfare. This may pose a long-term threat to the civilian population. Thus it is urgent to ensure that the return of these displaced persons takes place in safe and sustainable conditions, by reinforcing the awareness of these populations to the explosive risks.
To help promote safe behaviors in the presence of explosive devices of all types, by supporting the local capacity and activities of a local NGO (Shareteah Humanitarian Organization) competent in mine risk education.